How it works

High BP

High blood pressure (hypertension) is when the force of blood against the walls of your arteries is consistently too high. It’s important to manage because it can lead to various complications. Here’s a simple explanation of high blood pressure, its complications, and treatments:
  • High blood pressure happens when the pressure of blood in your arteries is too high.
  • It’s often called the “silent killer” because it usually has no symptoms but can harm your heart, brain, and other organs over time.
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Complications of High Blood Pressure

  • Heart Disease High blood pressure can damage your heart’s arteries, leading to heart attacks, heart failure, or irregular heart rhythms.
  • Stroke It can cause blood vessels in the brain to burst or become blocked, leading to a stroke that can result in brain damage.
  • Kidney Damage High blood pressure can harm the kidneys, affecting their ability to filter waste from the blood.
  • Eye Problems It can damage the blood vessels in your eyes, potentially causing vision problems.
  • Aneurysms Weak spots in blood vessel walls (aneurysms) can form and burst, causing life-threatening bleeding.
Remember, managing high blood pressure is important for your long-term health. It’s often a lifelong condition, but with proper care and lifestyle changes, you can reduce its impact and lower your risk of complications.

Treatments for High Blood Pressure

  • Lifestyle Changes: – Eating a healthy diet (low in salt and rich in fruits and vegetables). – Exercising regularly. – Maintaining a healthy weight. – Reducing alcohol intake. – Quitting smoking.
  • Medications: – Doctors may prescribe medications to lower blood pressure when lifestyle changes alone aren’t enough. – Common types include diuretics, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and calcium channel blockers.
  • Regular Check-Ups: – Monitoring your blood pressure regularly is crucial to ensure it stays in a healthy range.
  • Stress Management: – Reducing stress through relaxation techniques like meditation can help control blood pressure.
  • Limiting Sodium: – Reducing salt intake can lower blood pressure, as excessive salt can cause fluid retention.
  • Doctor’s Guidance: – It’s essential to work closely with your healthcare provider to find the right treatment plan for you.